Maria Feodorovna (Dagmar of Denmark) as a child, 1862


Dagmar of Denmark as a child (later Maria Feodorovna) by Georg Emil Hansen, ca. 1860s


Maria Feodorovna (26 November 1847 – 13 October 1928), christened Dagmar, was a Danish princess and Empress of Russia as spouse of Tsar Alexander III (reigned 1881–1894). She was the second daughter of King Christian IX of Denmark and Louise of Hesse-Cassel; her siblings included Alexandra (Queen Consort of the United Kingdom), King Frederick VIII of Denmark and King George I of Greece. Her eldest son became the last Russian monarch, Emperor Nicholas II of Russia, whom she outlived by ten years.


Below a family photo where Dagmar is wearing the same dress, far left. The photo features her father Christian IX, King of Denmark, her mother and her many siblings:

by Georg Emil Hansen, albumen carte-de-visite photomontage, 1862

  • Queen Alexandra (1844-1925), Queen of Edward VII
  • Christian IX, King of Denmark (1818-1906), Reigned 1863-1906; father of Queen Alexandra.
  • Frederick VIII, King of Denmark (1843-1912), Reigned 1906-12; brother of Queen Alexandra.
  • George I, King of Greece (1845-1913), King of the Hellenes, reigned 1863-1913; brother of Queen Alexandra.
  • Louise, Queen of Denmark (1817-1898), Wife of Christian IX, King of Denmark; mother of Queen Alexandra.
  • Maria Feodorovna, Empress of Russia (Princess Dagmar) (1847-1928), Wife of Alexander III, Emperor of Russia; daughter of Christian IX, King of Denmark; sister of Queen Alexandra.
  • Thyra, Crown Princess of Hanover and Duchess of Cumberland and Teviotdale (1853-1933), Wife of Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover and 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale; daughter of Christian IX, King of Denmark; sister of Queen Alexandra.
  • Prince Waldemar of Denmark (1858-1939), Naval officer; son of Christian IX, King of Denmark; brother of Queen Alexandra.

source: Prince Michael’s Chronicles, National Portrait Gallery

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